EVALUATION: Resources & RECOMMENDED READINGS

A Framework for Program Evaluation (2012) - Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate. The framework guides public health professionals in their use of program evaluation. It is a practical, nonprescriptive tool, designed to summarize and organize essential elements of program evaluation.

Training Professionals in the Primary Prevention of Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence: A Planning Guide (2010) - An effective, comprehensive program to prevent sexual violence and/or intimate partner violence takes a multitude of approaches, one of which is training professionals to engage in sexual violence prevention and/or intimate partner prevention. This Guide describes how to develop, implement, and evaluate a training process, taking into account your available level of resources. Additionally, this training process emphasizes turning awareness and knowledge into mastered skills and practices to prevent sexual violence and/or intimate partner violence. (Fisher D, Lang KS & Wheaton J.)

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven Step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organization (2009) - This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment. (S Cox PJ, Keener D, Woodard T &     Wandersman, A.)

Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community Action (2002) We see it on the nightly news, read about it in the newspaper, hear about it from our children, and witness it firsthand—young people getting in fistfights and shoot-outs in our neighborhoods, in shopping malls, on the playground, and in school. It’s disturbing and frightening, both for our nation’s youth and for society as a whole. If you’ve wanted to do something to stop this violence, then Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community Action is for you. This sourcebook places at your fingertips the best knowledge available about several strategies designed to prevent youth violence. These strategies are among those with the strongest evidence base for reducing youth violence. (Thornton TN, Craft CA, Dahlberg LL, Lynch BS & Baer K.)

Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2006) Researchers and practitioners may find it challenging to identify which of the available scales are appropriate for measuring a particular type of IPV. This compendium provides researchers and prevention specialists with a compilation of tools designed to measure victimization from and perpetration of IPV. (Thompson MP, Basile KC, Hertz MF & Sitterle D.)

The Evaluation Portal - At this Evaluation Portal you find hand-picked, human-edited, categorized information about the topic "evaluation" (and a little bit about social science methods).

Center for Theory of Change – The Theory of Change library is an on-going project of the Theory of Change Community, with the long-term goal of being a comprehensive resource for all things TOC – background, how-to, books and articles, case studies and examples, videos, and presentations.

Experience-Based Learning - Guide to Facilitating Effective Experiential Learning Activities (2013)  Different types of learning and development are required for different purposes. Conventional teaching and training are based mainly on knowledge/skills transfer, but this does not address individual growth and potential particularly well. This is because conventional skills/knowledge transfer usually assumes (wrongly) what the individual needs to learn, and the best way in which they can learn it. In addition, the subject matter tends to be focused on organizational needs, or the need to pass an exam, which are usually a little different (sometimes a lot different) from an individual's natural strengths and preferred personal direction. Experiential learning is a powerful way to address individual growth and potential, which is commonly a much neglected approach to teaching and developing people of all ages. Experiential learning is adaptable for individual style, preferences, strengths, direction, etc. As such it is more likely than conventional prescribed training or teaching to produce positive emotional effects, notably confidence, self-esteem, and a sense of personal value and purpose. (Chapman, A.)

Strategic Prevention Framework - The Strategic Prevention Framework uses a five-step planning process to guide states, jurisdictions, tribes, and communities in the selection, implementation, and evaluation of effective, culturally appropriate, and sustainable prevention activities. The SPF process promotes youth development, reduces risk-taking behaviors, builds assets and resilience, and prevents problem behaviors across the life span of the programs. The idea behind the SPF is to use findings from public health research along with evidence-based prevention programs to build capacity and sustainable prevention. This, in turn, promotes resilience and decreases risk factors in individuals, families, and communities.

Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention: Towards a Community Solution (2010)  This NSVRC publication provides advocates, practitioners and educators with a guide for developing a comprehensive community approach to the primary prevention of sexual violence. It explores the Spectrum of Prevention tool, which outlines six levels of intervention and focuses on exploring conditions in an environment which allow sexual violence to occur and replacing current norms with norms that promote safety, respect and equality. (Davis R, Fujie Parks L & Cohen, L.)

Free Resources for Program Evaluation and Social Research Methods - This page lists free resources for program evaluation and social research methods.  The focus is on "how-to" do program evaluation and social research: surveys, focus groups, sampling, interviews, and other methods.  Most of these links are to resources that can be read over the web.

Preventing Family Violence Lessons From the Community Engagement Initiative. (2002)  The Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) launched the Community Engagement for Change Initiative in order to identify and learn from organizations and systems that are employing community mobilization strategies to prevent family violence. It is the FVPF’s hope that, after reading this report, community leaders and residents, social service providers, domestic violence advocates, and child welfare workers will be able to approach community engagement to prevent family violence from a more informed perspective. This, in turn, should facilitate better working relationships among participating groups and individuals and help foster the successful creation and implementation of new community-based engagement efforts to combat family violence in communities across the country(Fullwood C.) 

Preventing Underage Drinking: Using "Getting To Outcomes™" with the SAMHSA Strategic Prevention Framework to Achieve Results (2007) Underage drinking is a significant problem in the United States: Alcohol is the primary contributor to the leading causes of death among adolescents. As a result, community-wide strategies to prevent underage drinking are more important than ever. Such strategies depend on the involvement and education of adolescents, parents, law enforcement officials, merchants, and other stakeholders. This guide is designed to take communities through the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating strategies to prevent underage drinking and youth access to alcohol. The guide is structured according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA’s) Strategic Prevention Framework, a five-step prevention approach. (Imm, P, Wandersman, A, Rosenbloom, D, Guckenburg, S and Leis, R.) 

A Guide for Measuring Advocacy and Policy (2007)  Measuring the impact of grant-maker dollars on large-scale social change is difficult at best. Casey commissioned this guide to facilitate that effort. Welcome to a new field of evaluation: gauging investment impact within advocacy and public policy work. (Reisman, J, Gienapp, A and Stachowaik, S.)

Point K Learning Center: Advocacy Evaluation Resources - Over 22,000 people worldwide use the Point K Learning Center to learn about evaluation, connect with peers, and understand the results of their own programs.

Surveygizmo – SurveyGizmo is an exceptionally powerful survey tool designed to make even the most advanced survey projects fun, easy & affordable.

Storytelling Approaches to Program Evaluation: An Introduction  (2010) This document provides a practical introduction to storytelling approaches being successfully applied in grassroots program evaluation. These approaches can be used in almost any setting, with any number of participants, in any language. They are flexible and can be creatively tailored to the needs and styles of your particular organization or project. (The California Endowment Evaluation Toolbox)

Methodology Brief: Focus Group Fundamentals (2004) Focus group methodology is one of several tools that educators can use to generate valid information important to the advancement of programs, communities, and organizations. This bulletin describes fundamental aspects of focus groups by distinguishing them from familiar research tools.   (University of Iowa Extension)

University of Wisconsin Extension – Evaluation Resources - The Program Development & Evaluation Unit is charged with providing leadership and capacity building in program evaluation through in-service education, resource material development, consultation, administrative support and managing high priority evaluations. Our main areas include: internal capacity development, community-based capacity development, research and development.

W. K. Kellogg Foundation – Evaluation Handbook This handbook provides a framework for thinking about evaluation as a relevant and useful program tool. 

The Community Toolbox (2013) The Community Tool Box is a free, online resource for those working to build healthier communities and bring about social change. It offers thousands of pages of tips and tools for taking action in communities. Want to learn about community assessment, planning, intervention, evaluation, advocacy, and other aspects of community practice? Then help yourself to over 300 educational modules and other free tools. Under continuous development since 1994, the Community Tool Box is widely used in teaching, training, and technical support. Currently available in English, Spanish, and Arabic and with millions of user sessions annually, it has reached those working in over 230 countries around the world. (Work Group for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas)

Recommended Readings

The Devil Is in the Details: Examining the Evidence for "Proven" School-Based Drug Abuse Prevention Programs. Gruner Gandhi, A. (2007).  Evaluation Review, 31(1), 43-74

Empowerment Evaluation Principles in Practice. Fetterman D.M. & Wandersman, A. (2005) New York: Guilford Press

Evaluation, 2nd Edition. Weiss, C.H. (1998). Englewood Cliff: Prentice Hall

Evaluation of a Prevention Program for Violence in Teen Dating Relationships. Lavoie F, Vezina L, Piche C & Boivin, M. (1995). Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 

Feminist Evaluation Explorations and Experiences: New Directions for Evaluation. Seigart, D & Brisolara, S. (2002)  96 (Winter). San Francisco: American Evaluation Association

Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation, 2nd Edition. Wholey, J. S., Hatry, H. P., and Newcomer, K. E. (2004).  San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass

Logic Modeling Methods in Program Evaluation. Freichtling, J. (2007). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Measuring Change in a Short-Term Educational Program Using a Retrospective Pretest Design. Moore, D & Tananis, C. A. (2009). American Journal of Evaluation, 30(2), 189-202

Utilization Focused Evaluation. Patton, M. Q. (2008). Thousand Oaks: Sage