Abusers use a variety of tactics to gain and maintain power and control in their relationships. It is important to note that abusers choose to perpetrate these acts and those acts are not the result of their partner’s behavior. The types of abuse include, but are not limited to:

Emotional abuse can include name-calling, put downs, humiliation, and other acts that seek to lower a victim’s self esteem.

Psychological abuse can include using threats, playing mind games, making the victim think that they are crazy, and other acts that instill fear in the victim.

Economic abuse can include controlling the money, bank accounts, or assets belonging to the family; not allowing the victim to work; interfering with the victim's work to the point that they lose their job; making the victim completely responsible for bringing in income to the family; and other acts that set up a financial dependence in the relationship.

Sexual abuse can include forcing the victim to engage in non-consensual sexual acts, withholding sex, and other acts that exploit a victim’s right to express their own sexuality. 

Technology abuse can include the misuse of technology (like mobile devices, computers, GPS, social media) to stalk, harass and exert power and control over a victim.

Isolation can include preventing a victim’s contact with family and friends, re-locating a victim to a new location where they don't know anyone, controlling a victim's interactions with people, and other acts that separate a victim from their support network.

Stalking can include repeated and unnecessary contact via text message, phone calls, email, or social media, planned appearances at places that the victim frequents, monitoring the victim's activities through the use of technology, and other acts that control a victim’s movement or induce fear. 

Physical violence can include kicking, hitting, punching, choking, pushing, withholding food, withholding a victim's medication or access to mobility or sensory related equipment, keeping a victim from seeking necessary medical attention, and other acts that inhibit a victim’s physical well-being.